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STP and RSTP

Configuring RSTP

Most newer Cisco switches use RSTP by default. RSTP prevents frame looping out of the box and no additional configuration is necessary. To check whether a switch runs RSTP, the show spanning-tree command is used:

SW1#show spanning-tree 
VLAN0001
  Spanning tree enabled protocol rstp
  Root ID    Priority    32769
             Address     0004.9A47.1039
             This bridge is the root
             Hello Time  2 sec  Max Age 20 sec  Forward Delay 15 sec

  Bridge ID  Priority    32769  (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 1)
             Address     0004.9A47.1039
             Hello Time  2 sec  Max Age 20 sec  Forward Delay 15 sec
             Aging Time  20

Interface        Role Sts Cost      Prio.Nbr Type
---------------- ---- --- --------- -------- --------------------------------
Fa0/3            Desg FWD 19        128.3    P2p
Fa0/2            Desg FWD 19        128.2    P2p

If RSTP is not being used, the following command will enable it:

SW1(config)#spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst

Most other configuration options (electing root switch, selecting root and designated ports) are similar to the ones used in STP.

 

 

Prerequisites for 200-301

200-301 is a single exam, consisting of about 120 questions. It covers a wide range of topics, such as routing and switching, security, wireless networking, and even some programming concepts. As with other Cisco certifications, you can take it at any of the Pearson VUE certification centers.

The recommended training program that can be taken at a Cisco academy is called Implementing and Administering Cisco Solutions (CCNA). The successful completion of a training course will get you a training badge.

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