A+ 1002 Study Guide

A plus 1002 Sub-objective 4.8 – Dumps4shared

A plus 1002 Sub-objective 4.8

A plus 1002 Sub-objective 4.8 – Identify the basics of scripting.

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Welcome to ExamNotes by Dumps4shared. This edition will cover Exam Objective 4.8 Identify the basics of scripting. Scripts are a dependable way to execute a series of commands. The beauty of scripts is that they are reusable. Once written or compiled, the script can be run reliably when needed. We will start by defining the file types. Next, we will discuss the contents of the script files and how to format their instructions.

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Script file types

When multiple systems require the same set of commands to be
run, script files save time and effort. A script usually contains multiple sets
of commands that can be executed manually, at startup, or by a program that
uses it. Here are the script file types you’ll need to be aware of along with
their specific file types and use.


A batch file (.bat) is a list of commands that can be run in
the Windows environment at the command prompt (serving as the interpreter) or
from other scripts. .bat files can be simple text files containing
syntactically correct commands which are then saved under the .bat file


When using PowerShell, each script created contains one or
more cmdlets and is saved under the .ps1 file extension. As the user types, the
created cmdlets are checked dynamically by PowerShell in order to ensure error
free execution.


VBScript is used to create scripts using a programming
language and saves them under the .vbs file extension. VBScript is a simpler
version of Visual Basic.


VBScript also creates .sh script files which are executed in
the Linux or UNIX environment.


Python scripts (.py) are created with Python and contain
commands to be executed by Python.


JavaScript is used to create .js files, designed to enhance
interactivity, which define text that has been designed to work with webpages.
The .js script is embedded in the webpage, i.e. an HTML file. The .js file
loads when the browser opens a webpage.

• Environment variables

Environmental variables are information provided by the
operating system that can be used by scripts. This information will include the
path and temporary locations for file storage. View the User variables and the System
variables by accessing System from Control Panel, selecting System, and then
Advanced system settings. Select Environment variables in the Advanced tab of
the System Properties box. In this window, properties can be added, edited, or
deleted. Note that the variables are assigned separately between the user and
the system.


Comment syntax

Some scripts can be quite complex. Remember that once you
write a script, other users may need to run it. Add comments in the script such
as remarks or instructions regarding the operation of the script. It is
important that the command interpreter has a way to disregard these comments so
that they are not executed. For example in Windows PowerShell, the # symbol is
used to designate a comment line and this text will not be executed.

Basic script constructs

Basic loops

A script containing a basic loop will execute the same command
repeatedly. Some scripts run a specified number of times and others run until
its conditions are met. A script can also run until the user intervenes with a
keystroke combination such as CTRL+C.


When the name of a data item cannot be exactly specified or
is unknown, it is called a variable. In PowerShell the $ represents a variable.

Basic data types

When discussing basic data types, whole numbers are called integers and text entries are referred to as strings.

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That’s all for 4.8! See you in 4.9. You’re almost through.

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